This policy paper analyses the character of the Russian nuclear threats and how the EU should respond to them.
Author: Wannes Verstraete, PhD Researcher & Teaching Assistant, Vrije Universiteit Brussel
For the first time since the end of the Cold War, nuclear weapons are back at the forefront of the European security agenda. Since the early days of the invasion, Russian President Vladimir Putin has been issuing nuclear threats in response to the Western military and political support to Ukraine. The crucial security question for the EU is thus how it should respond to the Russian threats. Addressing this dilemma, this policy paper, first, discusses the nuclear dimension of the Russian invasion of Ukraine. Second, it analyses the impact of the war on the nuclear security and arms control architecture in Europe. Third, it proceeds with four policy recommendations for both a short- and long-term response.